Hip and Knee Replacement: What You Need to Know

Joint replacement was once considered a high-tech procedure many years ago.
However, nowadays, it’s considered ordinary.

In fact, statistics show that at least a million knees and hips are replaced yearly, and that’s in the United States alone.

Many patients who have had hip and knee replacement report improved mobility and significant pain relief—two primary reasons for the staggering figure.

For the right candidates, there is no doubt the procedure can be truly life-changing.

Hip Replacement
The procedure carried out to remove the hip joint’s damaged part is called hip replacement.

Patients with ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and severe osteoarthritis are often some of the likely candidates for the procedure.

Hip replacement surgery is also a likely treatment option for those individuals suffering from hip fracture secondary to osteoporosis.

In majority of the cases however, the procedure is done to remedy damage of the joint.

The extent of the hip replacement will often depend primarily on how severe the joint damage is.

And just like knee replacement, the procedure is often only resorted to when all other noninvasive and conventional treatment approaches have proved futile.

Otherwise referred to as hip arthroplasty, hip replacement surgery is also done when there is severe pain that performing day-to-day routine becomes impossible.

Knee Replacement
Some of the possible candidates for knee replacement are those individuals suffering from osteoarthritis.

Understandably, the knee is often affected since it bears the weight of the body.

Just like hip replacement surgery, the procedure is only considered once all other conservative treatments have been exhausted and has proved ineffective.

Just like most surgeries that are major, knee replacement also comes with certain risks.
Some of the risks include:
  • Infection
  • Heart attacks
  • Stroke
  • Blood clots (in the leg veins or lungs)
  • Nerve damage
Knee replacement surgery is performed by an orthopedic surgeon.

Before the procedure, the strength, range of motion, and stability of the knee will be checked.

Key Considerations
Even if you are already considered a possible candidate for joint replacement, it is still necessary to ask yourself a few key questions before the procedure.

Some of the questions you should ask include:

  • Will other possible treatment interventions work? While considered relatively safe, joint replacement can still come with certain risks. In addition, the recovery period can take months. That being said, it is important to ensure all possible conventional treatment alternatives have been exhausted first before the procedure is resorted to.
  • Have I done some research on the procedure? There are various types of joint replacements so doing research is considered ideal. Fortunately, there are a lot of trusted websites that are available online that will give you a better insight of what you will be getting yourself into.
  • Has the procedure been thoroughly discussed with my doctor? If there are certain aspects about the procedure you need enlightenment on, do not think twice about discussing it with your doctor. Likewise, it there are any doubts, do not shy away from letting your doctor know so you will know the answers.In addition, it would be best to ask what the procedure would be like and what you are expected to do while you recover. Doing so can help you prepare in advance for any adjustments you might need to make.
  • Have I considered how joint replacement might affect my life? Take into account the possible impact of the surgery and how it can affect your life in general. If it will help improve your quality of life, then by all means, go for it.However, to help ensure the success of the procedure, consider enlisting the help of friends and family, especially during the recovery period.
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About Dhanur Chauhan

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